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In 1968 Enoch Powell delivered his "Rivers of Blood" speech in which he strongly criticised Commonwealth immigration to the United Kingdom and the then-proposed Race Relations Bill. Apartheid in South Africa Despite saying that she was in favour of "peaceful negotiations" to end apartheid, 244 245 Thatcher opposed sanctions imposed on South Africa by the Commonwealth and the European Economic Community (EEC). Cowley, Philip ; Bailey, Matthew (2000).
She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to hold that office.